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Term Definition: # | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Hard currency A currency whose value is expected to remain stable or increase in terms of other currencies. 
Head and Shoulders A pattern in price trends which chartists consider to indicate a price trend reversal. The price has risen for some time, at the peak of the left shoulder; profit taking has caused the price to drop or level out. The price then rises steeply again to the head before more profit taking causes the price to drop to around the same level as the shoulder. A further modest rise or level will indicate that a further major fall is imminent. The breach of the neckline is the indication to sell. 
Hedging The practice of undertaking one investment activity in order to protect against loss in another, e.g. selling short to nullify a previous purchase or buying long to offset a previous short sale. While hedges reduce potential losses, they also tend to reduce potential profits.
High/Low  Usually the highest traded price and the lowest traded price for the underlying instrument for the current trading day.
 
Hit the bid Acceptance of purchasing at the offer or selling at the bid.
Hard currency: A currency whose value is expected to remain stable or increase in terms of other currencies.
Head and Shoulders: A pattern in price trends which chartist consider indicates a price trend reversal. The price has risen for some time, at the peak of the left shoulder, profit taking has caused the price to drop or level. The price then rises steeply again to the head before more profit taking causes the price to drop to around the same level as the shoulder. A further modest rise or level will indicate a that a further major fall is imminent. The breach of the neckline is the indication to sell.
Hedge: The purchase or sale of options or futures contracts as a temporary substitute for a transaction to be made at a later date. Usually it involves opposite positions in the cash or futures or options market.
Hedge ratio: The number of futures or options required to hedge a given exposure in the cash market.
HEIBOR: Helsinki Inter-bank Offered Rate.
Herstatt: Relates to the exposure to the counterparty to a foreign exchange transaction defaulting which could trigger widespread default in the market due to the netting system of settlement. The name derives from a German bank involved in a bank failure that resulted in default in settling a FX transaction in the 70s..
HIBOR: Hong Kong Inter-bank Offered Rate.
Historical volatility: The annualized standard deviation of percentage changes in futures prices over a specific period. It is an indication of past volatility in the marketplace.
Hit the bid: Acceptance of purchasing at the offer or selling at the bid.
Holder: Same as buyer.
Hold Account: Current Accounts in the UK in a currency other than sterling.
Horizontal spread: A calendar or time spread.
Hot money: Short term international capital movements, motivated by interest rate differentials or expectation of exchange rate movements.
Hots: In the UK treasury bills on the day of issue.
Hyperinflation: Very high and self sustaining inflation levels. One definition being the period while inflation exceeds 50% until it has drops below that level for 12 months.

 

Term Definition: # | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

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